This is one of the things that make me proud as an Indonesian, batik. I’ve written about it last time but I think it’s not enough yet as there are some unique details about batik from Indonesia to tell. People may recognize that there are also other batik patterns found in other countries like in India, China and some other countries.
However, it can’t be doubted that Indonesian batik is the most well-known. Indonesian batik has also been declared by UNESCO as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity that originally comes from Indonesia since 2009.
This type of recognition by UNESCO is crucial so that intangible cultural heritage will remain preserved by the locals.
Batik, no matter it is known as a drawing pattern, it is actually recognized as an art and craft too. Batik can be applied as a drawing pattern to clothes such as dresses, bags, table-clothes, etc.
In Indonesia, people can see many Indonesians wear batik dresses daily as a part of both fashion style and cultural pride (even I admit that I have batik dresses that I’ve brought to Italy).
Not only on soft materials like clothes, batik can also be made as art and craft made of hard materials such as wood and ceramic. People can see batik art and craft examples in wood glass, ceramic cup, wood statue and even artistic wood decorations to be put in the house as the ones seen in the image below.
The original Indonesian batik is widely famous in Java. The basic technique is by painting on the materials with canting, a tool similar to pen that can be used to apply the hot wax to draw batik on the materials, which is also known as written batik or batik tulis in Indonesian language. Batik tulis that has outstanding quality is usually sold with high price, which represents its quality and the time needed in the making process.
In the present days, other than written batik or batik tulis, there’s also the making technique by stamping the batik patterns using canting cap (stamp canting) into the materials, which is simpler and takes less time as there are ready batik patterns to be stamped on the materials.
Nevertheless, even if there are two techniques, the most important thing in making batik is by maintaining high quality so that people could feel the masterpiece shown in the batik patterns.